Category : skin care terms

Skin Care Terms Glossary H-Z

Here’s the continuation of the list of skin care terms found in many skin care products as well as terms used in many of the articles.

Humectant – Substance that holds in the moisture content of the skin.

Hyaluronic Acid – A natural substance found in abundance in young skin.  Used as an ingredient in anti aging skin care products that boosts the moisture level and alleviate dryness.

Hydroquinone – A skin bleaching agent that helps to reduce hyperpigmentation of the skin.

Hyperpigmentation – A common, yet generally harmless condition of the skin where certain areas become darker in color caused by an increase in melanin.  Usually caused by pregnancy hormones, exposure to sunlight, and certain medications.

Inflammation – A reaction of the skin to disease or injury – characteristics being redness, warmth, swelling, and pain.

Jojoba Beads – Made from hardened jojoba oil and used to exfoliate the skin.

Kojic Acid – Natural skin lightening agent used in some anti aging skin care products to reduce pigment problems and age spots. Has similar effects as hydroquinone.

Laser – An electronic device that produces light radiation.

Microdermabrasion – An anti aging skin care treatment that resurfaces the skin using microscopic crystals to exfoliate and polish the skin.

Non-comedogenic – This means the product does not clog pores.

Olive Oil – A natural super emollient oil known to help active ingredients to penetrate.

Peptides – Act as messengers in the skin that actually allow the epidermis and dermis to communicate with one another.  Communication diminishes in the cells as we age and peptides which are high antioxidants restore collagen and elastin production while helping to reduce fine lines and wrinkles.

Photo-aging – A term that describes damage to the skin by over exposure to sunlight.

Psoriasis – A common, chronic skin disorder characterized by red skin covered with silvery scales and inflammation.

Retinol – A form of Vitamin A that stimulates cell turnover and renewal. Found in many anti aging skin care products to help reduce fine lines and wrinkles and boost collagen production.

Rosacea – An anti-inflammatory acne condition this is often times genetic and caused by enviromental triggers.

Salicylic Acid – An ingredient used in skin care products to treat acne.

Squalene – An emollient that prevents water evaporation from the skin.

UVA – Ultraviolet rays emitted from the sun year round.  UVA rays penetrate deeper into the skin than UVB and are responsible for causing premature aging of the skin – wrinkles, age spots etc.

UVB – Considered the “tanning ray” and is strongest during the summer months.  More potent than UVA rays, UVB causes sun burn and are considered the main cause of basal and squamous skin cell cancers.

Vitamin C – Also known as Ascorbic Acid – Vitamin C is an antioxidant found in many anti aging skin care products that helps protect the skin from free radicals and stimulates collagen production while healing.

Vitamin E – Another antioxidant which has anti-inflammatory effects on the skin while providing moisturization, softness and smoothness to the skin.

Vitamin K – Essential to blood clotting and healing – Diminishes dark under-eye circles by healing broken cappilaries.

Skin Care Terms Glossary A-G

I have compiled a list of skin care terms to help you familiarize yourself with some of the ingredients found in many skin care products as well as terms used in many of the articles.

Age Spots – Also known as Liver Spots – Flat brown spots found on the skin usually from over-exposure to the sun.

Alpha Hydroxy Acid – Used for cosmetic purposes for centuries – (AHA’s) derived from fruit acids and milk sugars, the most common are glycolic and lactic – found in a variety of skin care products to exfoliate dead skin cell layers to help reduce fine lines and wrinkles, age spots and photaging.

Antioxidant – Substances or nutrients that protect our cells from free radicals that cause damage to the body or skin.

Aromatherapy – A holistic treatment used for facial and body treatments using botanical oils.

Ayurveda – Or Ayurvedic means “science of life.”  Refers to holistic medicine developed in India over 10,000 years ago.

Bioflavanoids – Plant pigments that are considered to be one of the most potent antioxidants and one of the key collagen building catalysts.

Botanical – A plant used for it’s medicinal or therapeutic properties.

Chamomile Oil – An aromatheraphy essential oil extracted from the flowers.  Reduces inflammation and soothes sensitive skin.

Collagen – The fibrous protein found in the skin. Collagen gives skin firmness, makes skin stronger, thicker, more taut and resilient.

Cucumber Extract – An ingredient used in many anti aging eye creams and serums for its natural cooling, soothing effects on delicate under-eye skin. Helps to reduce puffiness while tightening the skin.

Dermabrasion – A cosmetic/medical procedure used to resurface the skin to help remove sun damage, facial scars, etc.  Dermabrasion is more invasive to the skin than microdermabrasion.

DMAE – An antioxidant compound that is found to help brain function and memory when taken in supplemental form. Also found in many anti aging skin care products for it’s ability to reduce fine lines and wrinkles, age spots and overall signs of anti aging.

Eczema – Also known as Atopic Dermatitis – A common persistent skin condition where the skin is red, irritated, and itchy.

Elastin – A protein found in the skin that allows it to expand and contract.

Emollient – Commonly referred to as moisturizers which soften and hydrate the skin.

Essential Oils – Also known as aromatherpy essential oils – Oils that give plants there characteristic fragrances.

Esthetician – Skin care specialists that administer skin care treatments.

Exfoliate – To remove the dead surface skin cells by using a scrub, mask, or peel.

Evening Primrose – A botanical oil used as an anti-inflammatory and to improve skin hydration.

Free Radicals – Oxidants that break down and damage healthy cells in the body.

Grape Seed Extract – A rich source of bioflavanoids, powerful free radical scavenger and very potent antioxidant.

Glycolic Peel – Also known as a chemical peel, applied to the skin to dissolve the outer skin layer to reveal softer, smoother, healthier skin.

Green Tea Extract – An anti-inflammatory ingredient found in many anti aging skin care products to reduce fine lines and wrinkles, large pores, and puffiness.